The anal glands, also known as anal sacs, are small sacs located on either side of the anus in dogs...
Everything You Need to Know About Dog Anal Glands Expression
Dog anal glands expression is a common procedure done by veterinarians to treat impacted anal glands in dogs. It is important to understand the process and the risks associated with it to ensure the health and wellbeing of your dog. In this article, we will discuss the anatomy of the anal glands, the signs of impacted anal glands, the procedure of expression, and the risks associated with it.
Anatomy of the Dog Anal Glands
The dog anal glands are two small sacs located on either side of the anus. Inside the sacs, there is a thick, smelly, oily secretion which is used for marking territory and communicating with other dogs. The anal glands are connected to the rectum by tiny ducts and when the dog defecates, the pressure created helps to expel the contents of the glands.
The size of the glands can vary from breed to breed, but they are typically about the size of a pea. The glands can become impacted due to various reasons such as a change in diet, an underlying medical condition, or an infection.
Signs of Impacted Anal Glands
The most common sign of impacted anal glands is when the dog scoots or drags its bottom along the ground. This is due to the discomfort caused by the pressure of the impacted glands. Other signs include licking or biting of the anus, straining to defecate, and a bad odour coming from the area.
If your dog is exhibiting any of these signs, it is important to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. Your veterinarian will be able to diagnose the problem and recommend the best course of action.
The Procedure of Anal Glands Expression
The procedure of anal glands expression is relatively simple and can be done by a veterinarian or a groomer. The procedure involves manually squeezing the glands to remove the impacted material. The area is first cleaned with a damp cloth and then the veterinarian or groomer will use a gloved finger to gently press on the sides of the anus to express the contents of the glands.
The procedure is usually done under sedation or anaesthesia to make the process more comfortable for the dog. It is important to note that the procedure should only be done by a qualified professional as it can be dangerous if done incorrectly.
Risks Associated with Anal Glands Expression
The most common risk associated with anal glands expression is infection. If the procedure is done incorrectly, it can lead to an infection of the anal glands which can be painful and difficult to treat. It is important to keep the area clean and dry to minimise the risk of infection.
In addition, the procedure can be painful for the dog, so it is important to ensure that the procedure is done carefully and gently. If your dog is in pain after the procedure, it is important to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.
Finally, there is a risk of injury to the area if the procedure is done incorrectly. It is important to ensure that the area is cleaned and dried properly before the procedure is done and that the procedure is done by a qualified professional.
Dog anal glands expression is a common procedure that can help to relieve the discomfort caused by impacted anal glands. It is important to understand the anatomy of the anal glands, the signs of impacted anal glands, the procedure of expression, and the risks associated with it. It is also important to ensure that the procedure is done by a qualified professional to minimise the risk of infection and injury.
If your dog is exhibiting any of the signs of impacted anal glands, it is important to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.